Programme response and prevention

© UNICEF/NYHQ2004-0655/Kate Brooks
Former child soldiers sit in a classroom in a school in Charikar, capital of the Central Region province of Parwan, Afghanistan. (Left foreground) Raqib, 18, served on the frontline during major fighting, as a bodyguard for his commander. The eldest in a family of 10, he joined an armed group at age 15 to help support his mother and siblings.

Notes for facilitators: This session will need to be adapted for the specific context as appropriate rather than using the Sargasso scenario.


  • To consider the requirements of ensuring a comprehensive response to and prevention of grave violations
  • For participants to understand how a response strategy is developed and in particular the role of the CTF MR
Participants MRM Staff
Session Simulation exercise
Time required 2 hours
Groupwork 60 minutes
Plenary 45 minutes
Country Examples 15 minutes
Venue requirements Main training room
Breakout rooms
Equipment Flip charts and markers
Resource person(s) 1 person to facilitate - it might be useful to have an additional facilitator to aid coordination of groups if this becomes necessary.
Training materials - Sargasso Country Situation Sheet [PDF]
Sargasso Map [PDF]
Copies of exercise instruction sheets for each group [PDF]
- Group name cards
Documents for participants MRM Field Manual Section K2 "Programme response"
Access to materials All the training materials are included in Folder Module 14B: Programme Response

Pre-session preparation

  1.  Ask two participants to be prepared to provide concrete examples of programme responses from their own experiences.
  2. Ensure that you have sufficient copies of the instructions sheets - divided up for each group. Note that groups should only see the instruction sheet for their specific group.
  3. Make four large name cards - one per group to ensure other groups can identify them easily. Or the groups themselves can do this, at the start of the groupwork.

Session Sequence

  1. Groupwork (60 minutes)

    Inform the group that some representatives from the Insh Indian community have informed the humanitarian community in Brook that the situation for women and children in Spey Province has been worse in recent weeks, with many children being injured and killed, and girls reportedly sexually abused. The UN lead Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting grave violations against children has confirmed this increase in violations. The Government refutes much of this and states it is internal fighting between the Sargasson Liberation Tigers (SLT) and the Insh Patriots.

    Due to the conflict, health care in the east is minimal and often difficult to access.

    There is an urgent need on humanitarian grounds for a programme response to be developed for immediate care of survivors and long-term prevention of further abuses.

    The task is to liaise with other bodies and develop an initial strategy towards developing a programme, and to outline what the programme might consist of. The requirement is ONE strategy for the country NOT one per group. (It is up to them to resolve this).

    Divide the participants into the following groups:

    1. Government
    2. CTFMR
    3. Child Protection sub-cluster
    4. Representatives group from the Insh Indian community

    Provide the groups with their respective briefing sheets (Note that they are different for each group). Emphasise the need to read them carefully.

    The groups have one hour to carry out the task. It is up to the groups to work out how to do this and the method for providing the SRSG or the RC or UNICEF Representative with an initial verbal briefing on outline strategy that was agreed.

    Tip: It is difficult to judge how long will be taken for groupwork and will depend on participant skills. It might be advantageous to programme the groupwork before lunch or a break and the plenary after. This will allow for overspill and for them to have informal ad-hoc meetings.

    Tip: Go round each group to ensure they understand the task assigned. The facilitator(s) may need to give assistance if the groups are not moving forward well with the exercise. For example it is up to the groups to initiate contact with each other, the groups need to determine who should take the lead and who should report back to the plenary.

  2. Plenary Session (45 minutes)
    1. When the groups return it is up to the participants to determine how they organise the reporting back to inform the SRSG, RC or UNICEF Rep and the whole plenary on the strategy and an outline of a proposed programme.
    2. One of the facilitators takes on the role of the SRSG / RC /UNICEF Rep. and asks questions to clarify.
    3. Once the strategy has been outlined give each group time to explain:
      • How they achieved the outcome,
      • The challenges for them
      • What it felt like to be in the position in which they found themselves.
      • Sample additional questions to ask:
        • How did it feel?
        • Did you communicate well?
        • Were you consulted?
      • Finish the session asking, what lessons could we learn from this?
    4. Country Examples (15 minutes)

      Following on from the plenary, invite two or three participants to provide concrete examples of programme interventions that have been made in response to reports received on grave violations against children.

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