Engaging with Parties to the Conflict

The Government of Myanmar signing of an Action Plan on 27 June 2012.


  • To consider the mechanism for achieving action plans and other commitments from the parties to the conflict; and how to overcome challenges faced.
  • To gain understanding of the requirements for Action Plans and their contents
Participants Coordinators
Session Table groups
Plenary discussion
Guided discussion
Time required 120 minutes
Venue requirements Main training room
Equipment Flip chart
Resource person(s) 1 person with practical experience of negotiating with parties to conflict
1 person with specific experience of developing an Action Plan
Training materials - The handout - An Introduction to Engaging with Parties to the Conflict [PDF]
- Action Plan - example from one country that can be projected and shared for discussion
- Action Plan template 1template 2, template 3, template 4 [PDFs]
Documents for participants - MRM Field Manual Section J "Engaging with Parties to the Conflict"
Practical Steps in Negotiations [PDF]
Access to materials All the training materials are included in Folder Module 13: Engaging with Parties to the Conflict

Pre-session preparation

This session is a natural follow-on from Module 12: Accountability and in particular the aspect of Action Plans and other commitments.

For part two of this exercise it is necessary to look at an actual Action Plan and the trainer should access this beforehand - contact O/SRSG if you do not have a copy of a suitable action plan to utilise.

Additionally the Module 14C: Advocacy looks at advocating with the parties to the conflict and therefore this needs to be taken into account when planning your training so you do not repeat what is covered in other sessions.

Session Sequence

  1. Introduction (15 minutes)

    Provide the one-page handout and ask participants to read.

    Highlight the references provided in this document and the strong request for the UN to engage with parties to the conflict no matter their political or judicial status.

    Invite two participants to provide examples of how they have engaged parties to the conflict and either lessons learned or challenges experienced.

    Tip: It would be useful to have one participant present on engaging with a State party one with a non-state actor.

  2. Guided discussion on Action Plans (60 minutes)

    Show on the screen a copy of an Action Plan that has been developed by one CTFMR with either a Government or a non-State actor.

    Talk through the Action Plan highlighting different key aspects that are included. Also discuss challenges and answer questions as appropriate.

    Ask for examples from participants of their experiences and challenges in developing Action Plans.

  3. Groupwork (15 minutes)

    Discuss the following in small groups of 4 or 5; if participants are already seated at small tables, they can discuss with others at their table:

    • Identify approaches and challenges for engaging with state parties and how to achieve your objectives
    • Identify approaches and challenges for engaging with non-state parties and how to achieve your objectives

    Tip: For efficiency of time it may be useful for half the participants to discuss each of the above rather than both.

  4. Plenary discussion (30 minutes)

    Lead a discussion using the responses from the short group work to base the discussion.

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