Child Participation

© UNICEF/NYHQ2006-1682/Mary Joy Dabi
Child's View - A child lives in a settlement for people displaced by conflict in the village of Layog in Maguindanao Province, the Philippines. This photograph was taken by Mary (Joy) Dabi, 17. She is one of 15 children who participated in a UNICEF-organized photography workshop for children affected by conflict on Mindanao Island.


  • To reach a common understanding of child participation and the child's right to participate.
  • Participants understand that in order to ensure good and appropriate child participation, a risk assessment MUST be carried out.
  • Participants have explored appropriate forms of child participation for MRM
Participants MRM Staff
Session Presentation, plenary and groupwork sessions
Time required 120 minutes
Venue requirements Main training room
Breakout rooms
Equipment - Laptop, projector
- Flip charts and markers
Resource person(s) 1 person with practical experience in child participation and ideally in relation to MRM
Training materials - Child Participation Information Sheet [PDF]
- Groupwork exercise sheet 1 and sheet 2 [PDFs]
- Implementing Child Participation - Annexe VIII of the MRM Field Manual [PDF]
- Sargasso Country Situation Sheet [PDF]
- Sargasso Map [PDF]
Documents for participants - MRM Field Manual [PDF]
Access to materials All the training material are included in Folder Module 7: Child Participation

Session Sequence

  1. Child Participation Basics (45 minutes)


    Show the introductory presentation

    Brainstorming: Ask participants to list different types of child participation they have been involved in or know of. Identify which of these might be applicable to MRM - do not worry about risks at this stage

    Groupwork 1
    In groups of 4 - 6:

    • From the list of possible activities listed above: bearing in mind the sensitivities of the MRM, identify the risks that children, their families and communities might face if children participate in each of the activities. Highlight any particular challenges that may be faced by girls specifically according to the country context.
    • Draw up a list of pros and cons for each.

    Keep the results of the group work in hand for the next group work session below.

  2. Risk Assessment (30 minutes)


    Present the PPT on risk assessment.

    Groupwork 2
    Same groups as above

    Using the notes provided (P2 - 3 on the Child Participation Information Sheet) and information from the presentation carry out a risk assessment based on the scenario provided in exercise sheet.

    When groups return to the plenary emphasise that for any child participation activity a risk assessment MUST be conducted first.

  3. Good Practice of Child Participation within MRM (45 minutes)


    Introduce the level of engagement table and explain its use (as illustrated on the Information Sheet).

    Groupwork 3
    Same groups as above

    Complete both sections of the following exercise

    1. Based on the risk assessment completed in the previous session, answer the following questions in relation to the ongoing situation in Spey Province.
      1. Discuss the appropriateness, relevancy and feasibility of each of these levels of engagement.
      2. What are their advantages and disadvantages?
      3. What can be done to make them safer for children/families/communities (including the very valid option of not doing it)?
    2. Select one or two activities (use ideas from the earlier groupwork) that could be carried out in Spey Province based on the risk assessment carried out earlier.
      1. Where would you put this on the level of engagement chart?


    Each group to share their activity and where this fits on the level of engagement chart.

    Facilitate a general discussion on considerations raised.

    Ask participants if they think that they could do something that would be child participation around the issues concerning MRM.

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