Processes and Political Aspects of MRM

© UN Photo/Jenny Rockett/405978
The Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 1882 (2009) concerning the issue of children and armed conflict.

Objective:

  • To become familiar with the different activities that can be undertaken at the national, regional, and global levels to support MRM work at the political level.
Participants MRM Coordinators & Task Force Members
Session Guided discussion
Time required 90 minutes
Venue requirements Training room
Equipment - Laptop, projector
Resource person(s) 1 person with legal knowledge in the international arena and also with field experience OR
2 persons - one with international experience and the other with field level experience
Training materials - PPT presentation "Processes and Political Aspects of MRM"
Documents for participants - SCWG Terms of Reference [PDF]
SCWG Toolkit [PDF]
Listing and de-listing criteria [PDF]
DKPO Child Protection Policy [PDF] (in countries where a peace mission operates)
Access to materials All the materials are included in Folder Module 5: Political Aspects of MRM

Pre-session Preparations

  • Ensure you are familiar with the relevant political developments at each level - Global, Regional and National; contact (UNICEF HQ, O/SRSG or DPKO) for the latest developments globally.

Session Sequence

  • The PowerPoint presentation provides an outline of areas to be discussed and the below provides some details on each aspect that should be covered during the session.
  • It is suggested that as you work through the items that participants ask questions and discussion is enabled.
  • Encourage participants to share examples where appropriate - ideally at least one at each different level.
  • Use the PowerPoint presentation to aid the discussion - see under the Notes section for specifics to be discussed for each slide.

National level
  1. Explain the role of co-chairs and give representatives of different organizations the opportunity to explain their respective mandate.

    Tip: This can be very time consuming and therefore it is suggested where possible cover different organisation roles as outlined in Module 16. Where doing this within this module more time will be required.

  2. The co-chairs to engage on a regular basis with the government in order to share findings on the violations that have been identified, and to develop concrete ways to stop and prevent them, as well as developing accountability mechanisms in place for the perpetrators. (Give examples)
  3. The co-chairs to engage on a regular basis with the parties to the conflict other than the government, in order to share findings on the violations that have been identified, and to develop concrete ways to stop and prevent them, as well as developing accountability mechanisms in place for the perpetrators. (Give examples)
  4. The co-chairs to engage with any party to the conflict to develop Action Plans on the violations that they are listed for to stop and prevent them, and to seek commitments to prevent other grave violations.
  5. To engage with the diplomatic community in order to seek their support for advocacy in pressuring the government (and perhaps parties to the conflict) to stop and prevent grave violations.
  6. To engage the potential Donor community in order to secure funds for MRM and response activities.

Regional level
  1. To engage with Regional Bodies (AU, EU, ASEAN, OAS, ECOWAS, etc) to influence their policies on CAAC.
  2. To engage with Regional bodies to put pressure on parties to the conflict violating children rights.
  3. To work with cross-border partners in order to develop strategies to improve monitoring, reporting and responding to grave violations (LRA, Myanmar-Thailand, Sudan, Chad, etc.)

Global level
  1. Explain the listing and de-listing process
    1. Explain how parties are listed and included in the annexes to SG's report
    2. Once listed all parties to conflict in that country may be reported on (the listed party is the focus but all reported on)
    3. Distinguish between those parties on the two annexes and "other situations of concern" which "volunteer" to implement MRM
  2. Explain the work of the SCWG CAAC
    1. SCWG established by UN SC Res 1612
    2. Highlight the current members and chair of the group
    3. The Terms of Reference for the SCWG
    4. SCWG toolkit
    5. SC Annual Open Debate on CAAC
    6. UNSC Sanctions Committees
  3. Explain the role of the CAAC Task Force (Global Level)
    1. Members at Head or Deputy level of relevant UN agencies
    2. Chaired by SRCG CAAC
    3. Discusses SG's Annual Report, listing and de-listing of parties, and other key developments
  4.  Explain the role of the MRM Technical Reference Group
    1. Members from technical level UN Agency and NGOs with expertise on child protection in conflict
    2. Co-chaired by O/SRSG and UNICEF HQ
    3. Develop methodology and advises on implementation of MRM
    4. Develop guidelines, tools etc.
    5. Enhances inter-agency coordination
  5. Explain the work of the Friends of CAAC
    1. Members from donor / diplomatic community of 30 member states
    2. Chaired by the Canadian Government in New York
    3. Are an asset for advocacy and to raise issues with member states and with parties to conflicts
  6. Explain the work of the SG Office
  7. Explain the work of the SRSG CAAC
  8. Explain the work of UNICEF in influencing CAAC issues
  9. Explain the work of other global level stakeholders in influencing CAAC issues
  10. Introduce the developments with the work on Sanctions for persistent violators (covered in more detail in Module 12: Accountability)

Parties not on the SCWG work Plan
  1. Explain how countries not on the SCWG Work Plan that are experiencing grave violations (conflict or not) can take steps to engage with the government and through prevention and programmatic response to stop the violations.


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